For scalability, we are going to arrange for exim to deliver all local
mail in Maildir format. This creates a subdirectory called "Maildir" in
the user's home directory, which in turn contains three subdirectories:
tmp. Messages are
tmp, moved to
new when delivery is
complete, and moved to
cur when read. Each message has a long
filename based on the hostname and the time of day.
Because each message is stored in a separate file, it is much faster for the pop3 daemon to start up every time a user connects. It also allows for safe delivery onto a shared (NFS) disk backend.
Remember: when creating new "E-mail" accounts on your system, you probably don't want your users to actually be able to login to Unix using ssh or telnet. To disable this, create their accounts with a nonexistent shell.
# pw useradd username -m -s /nonexistent
/usr/exim/configure, find the
local_delivery transport and modify it as follows:
local_delivery: driver = appendfile directory = $home/Maildir maildir_format delivery_date_add envelope_to_add return_path_add # group = mail # mode = 0660
Optionally you could add further parameters to this transport which let you impose quotas on your users, for example to limit all users to 10 megabytes of storage each:maildir_tag = ,S=$message_size quota_size_regex = ,S=(\d+) quota = 10M quota_warn_threshold = 90%
Remember to HUP your exim daemon. Now test out your new configuration by delivering to some local account on your machine:
$ /usr/exim/bin/exim -bt localuser firstname.lastname@example.org router = localuser, transport = local_delivery $ /usr/exim/bin/exim localuser Here is a test . $ cd /home/localuser/Maildir $ ls cur new tmp $ ls new 102078119.7969.pcnn.t1.ws.afnog.org,S=426 $ cat new/* Return-path: <email@example.com> ... Here is a test
Note: once you have changed to Maildir delivery, you will find that your MUA (which looks in /var/mail) will no longer see your incoming mail. How to fix this depends on your MUA. For example:
- In /usr/local/etc/Muttrc put:
qmail is an entire MTA in its own right, but we will just be using its pop3 daemon because it supports Maildir format. It is lightweight and robust.
We will just build the parts of qmail we are interested in. A small patch enables some logging of POP3 accesses, otherwise no logging is done at all.
Starting in your home directory:
$ tar -xvzf /path/to/file/qmail-1.03.tar.gz $ cd qmail-1.03 $ patch -p1 </path/to/file/qmail-log.patch $ make qmail-pop3d $ make qmail-popup $ su Password: <root password> # cp qmail-pop3d qmail-popup /usr/local/libexec/ # exit $ cd .. $ tar -xvzf /path/to/file/checkpassword-0.90.tar.gz $ cd checkpassword-0.90 $ make $ su Password: <root password> # cp checkpassword /usr/local/libexec/ # exit $ cd ..
Put all of the following on one line in /etc/inetd.conf, changing
pc1.t1.ws.afnog.org to your hostname
pop3 stream tcp nowait root /usr/local/libexec/qmail-popup qmail-popup pc1.t1.ws.afnog.org /usr/local/libexec/checkpassword /usr/local/libexec/qmail-pop3d Maildir
Send a HUP to inetd:
# killall -HUP inetd (same as 'killall -1 inetd')
Note that FreeBSD's inetd limits any particular services to being invoked no more than 256 times per minute. To raise this you use the -R flag, e.g. in /etc/rc.conf put:
inetd_flags="-wW -R 0"
This system is very modular. qmail-popup gets the USER and PASS from the remote client; in turn it runs checkpassword which checks the username/password are valid and sets the home directory; this in turn runs qmail-pop3d which executes POP3 commands.
This example uses
checkpassword which looks up accounts in
/etc/passwd, but qmail-pop3d can be used in virtual hosting
environments simply by replacing checkpassword with
POP3 should now be functioning. Test it with a good username/password, and also a good username/bad password (to check that it is rejected).
$ telnet localhost 110 Trying 127.0.0.1... Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'. +OK <firstname.lastname@example.org> user username +OK pass password +OK stat +OK 12 17584 retr 1 +OK ... message quit +OK Connection closed by foreign host.
If you applied the logging patch, you should also find log messages:
# tail /var/log/maillog May 3 18:40:24 noc qmail-popup: POP3 login successful for username from 127.0.0.1